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Folio from a Mahabharata: before battle Krishna uses mudras whilst counselling Arjuna who defers to him as devas and devis assemble. Pahari, Kangra kalam (school) , circa mid-19th century. Opaque watercolour with tooled gold on wasli. 18.3 x 25.8cm
Krishna's right hand is in the mudra (hand gesture) of varada (forgiveness), his left in tarjani (threat or warning). Many of the devas and devis (gods and goddesses) look on with on one hand in vitarka mudra (debate/discussion).
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Above: tooled gilt detail reflecting light
Images and text © Peter Blohm