The description in English of the painting on this webpage is definitive. Any translation using Google translate is a guide only - its accuracy cannot be guaranteed and it is used at your own risk.
Enter GALLERIES to browse paintings
Folio from a dispersed Jain Kalpasutra manuscript: the 20 Jinas who attained moksha (liberation) at Mount Sammeda, Bihar. Jaipur, circa late 18th century. Opaque watercolour with gold on warqa. 11.2 x 25.4 cm
Two folios from a strikingly similar dispersed manuscript held by Yale University Art Gallery but with some differences in narrative sequence indicate that more than one manuscript was produced. Until this and its companion folios on this website were made known to Robert Del Bonta it was thought only one manuscript existed. The two Yale folios are illustrated in the Rubin Museum of Art exhibition catalogue Victorious Ones: Jain Images of Perfection, Phyllis Granoff (Ed.), 2009; Robert J Del Bonta, 'Life Scenes: The Kalpa Sutra', pp. 244-247. Del Bonta informs that only a few folios are known. They represent a rare departure from the expected formulaic painted scenes to be found in Kalpa Sutra manuscripts. Its illustrations are identified by short sentences in Gujarati written in Devangari script.
Hover cursor over image to zoom
Above: gilt detail reflecting light
Images and text © Indian Miniature Paintings Ltd