The description in English of the painting on this webage is the definitive description. Any translation using Google translate is a guide only - its accuracy cannot be guaranteed and it is used at your own risk.
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From a dispersed historical portrait series of Mughal rulers and allies: Emperor Bahadur Shah I (r.1707-12). Awadh, circa late 18th century. Opaque watercolour with gold on wasli, an identifying inscription written (probably later) in English to the reverse. 25.9 x 16.6cm
Prince Mu'azzam, the second son of the emperor Aurangzeb (Alamgir: "world-seizer or universe-seizer") was the prospective heir after his elder brother defected to join their father's brother and rival, Shah Shuja. When his father died, Prince Mu'azzam killed his two brothers to become emperor.
The backing paper to the frame also has an identification written in English, also the Boston USA framer's paper label from 23rd April 1963, see image below.
Personal collection of Raja Chait Singh (1770 - 1781).
Property of British East india Company, 1781-96
Collection Sir John Murray, acq. 1796
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Above: gilt detail reflecting light
Images and text © Indian Miniature Paintings Ltd